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WHO Guidelines for Chlorine as Disinfectant

Global burden of disease from water, sanitation and hygiene

  • 3.4 million people, mostly children, die annually from water-related diseases.

  • 2.4 billion people lack access to basic sanitation include the poorest in the world.

  • 1.1 billion people lack access to even improved water sources.

  • Access to safe water supply and sanitation is fundamental for better health, poverty alleviation and development.

Water for Health

Recently United Nations Committee on Economic, Cultural and Social Rights has taken an unprecedented step of agreeing on a “General Comment” on water as a human right. They have declared that, “Water is fundamental for life and health. The human right to water is indispensable for leading a healthy life in human dignity. It is a pre-requisite to the realization of all other human rights.”

WHO considers that drinking water should be 'suitable for human consumption and for all usual domestic purposes including personal hygiene'. Drinking water should therefore be suitable for consumption, washing/showering and domestic food preparation. In human health terms, exposure to water and its constituents can occur through ingestion, contact and aerosol inhalation.

The WHO Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality

WHO states iterates all people have the right to have access to an adequate supply of safe drinking water. In this context, 'safe' refers to a water supply, which is of a quality that does not represent a significant health risk, is of sufficient quantity to meet all domestic needs, is available continuously, is available to all the population and is affordable. The conditions thus are summarized by WHO as five key words:

  Quality , Quantity , Continuity , Coverage  and Cost.

Just as water is universal, Chlorine is as universal a disinfectant.

The primary objective of water supply chlorination is disinfection. Potable water must be disinfected to destroy pathogenic organisms and thereby eliminate and prevent water borne diseases. It is important to note that diseases are transmitted not only by water alone but also through food and personal contact with contaminated water. Hence it is essential that all water used by humans be disinfected.

IEC offers water supply disinfection system having Hypochlorite generators for treating water for domestic and institutional levels. For larger treatment plants,  IEC offers Gas Chlorinators.

Our Products

Large water treatment plants

·        Gas Chlorinators

R103 series 100gms/hr to 200 kg/hr of chlorine.

Rural Water treatment plants

·        Steriflo water supply disinfection system consisting of Hypochlorite generators

Chlorine Capacity: 200 gms/day to 12 kg/day of chlorine
Water capacity    : @2ppm of chlorine to treat 1,00,000 lit/day to 60,00,000 lit/day

Institutional water treatment systems

·        Hydropure drinking water purification system

Water capacity   : 20,000 lit/day, 50,000 lit/day, 1,00,000 lit/day

Domestic water treatment systems

·     Chloridose, Klenzer table top Hypochlorite generators

Chlorine capacity : 30 gm/day ,10gms/day of chlorine
Water capacity   : @2ppm of chlorine to treat 15,000 lit/day to 5,000 lit/day
 

Note : Steriflo, Hydropure, Chloridose, and Klenzer generate hypochlorite solution from common salt    ( sodium chloride) , water and power.

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